STANDARD FRENCH BULLDOG
: Companion, watch
dog, pleasure dog.
9 Companion and Toy
Dogs. Section 11 Small Molossian Dogs. Without working trial.
like all the
mastiffs, from the Epirus and the Roman Empire molosses, relative of
the Bulldog of Great Britain, the Alans (tribe of the Middle Age), the
mastiffs and small type mastiffs of France, the bulldog we know is the
product of different crossings done by enthusiastic breeders in the
popular quarters of Paris in the years 1880.
that period, the
Bulldog being a dog belonging to butchers and coachmen of " les Halles
" (market place), he soon knew how to conquer the high society and the
artistic world by his particular appearance and character. He then
rapidly propagated himself.
first breed club was
founded in 1880 in Paris. The first registration dates from 1885 and
the first standard was established in 1898, year in which the "
Société Centrale Canine " of France recognized
of the French Bulldog. The first shown dog was from 1887. The standard,
modified in 1931, 1932 and 1948, was reformulated in 1986 by H.F. Reant
and R. Triquet (F.C.I. publication 1987), then in 1994 by the committee
of the Club of the French Bulldog with the collaboration of R. Triquet.
Powerful dog for its small size, short, compact in all its proportions,
smooth-coated, with a short face, a snub nose, erect ears and a
naturally short tail. Must have the appearance of an active animal,
intelligent, very muscular, of a compact build with a solid bone
/ CHARACTER: Sociable,
keen. Particularly affectionate towards his masters and the children.
head must be very strong, broad
and square, the skin of the head forming almost symmetrical folds and
wrinkles. The head of the bulldog is characterized by a contraction of
the maxillary-nasal part; the
skull has taken up in width that
which it has lost in length.
Broad, almost flat,
forehead very bulging. Superciliary arches prominent, separated by a
particularly developed furrow between the eyes. The furrow must not
extend onto the forehead. Occipital crest is hardly developed.
: Broad, very short,
turned up, nostrils well open and symmetrical, slanting towards the
rear. The inclination of the nostrils as well as the snub nose (i.e.
upturned) must, however, allow a normal nasal breathing.
: Very short, broad,
with concentric symmetrical folds coming down on the upper lips (length
of muzzle about 1/6 of the total length of the head).
: Thick, a little loose
and black. The upper lip rejoins the lower lip at its middle,
completely covering the teeth which should never be visible. The
profile of the upper lip is descending and rounded. Tongue must never
: Broad, square,
powerful. Lower jaw shows a broad curve, terminating in front of the
upper jaw. The mouth being closed, the prominence of the lower jaw
(prognathism-undershot) is moderated by the curve of the lower
mandibular branches. This curve is necessary to avoid a too important
shifting of the lower jaw.
: The lower incisors
must never be behind the upper incisors in any case. The arch of the
lower incisors is rounded. The jaw must not show lateral deviation, nor
torsion. The disposition of the incisoral arches should not be strictly
delimited, the essential condition being that the upper and the lower
lips rejoin to completely cover the teeth.
: The muscles of the
cheeks are well developed, but not prominent.
: Lively expression, set
low, quite far from the nose and especially from the ears, dark
coloured, quite big, well round, slightly protruding, showing no trace
of white (sclera) when the dog is looking straight ahead. Rims of
eyelids must be black.
: Medium size, wide at
the base and rounded at the top. Set high on the head, but not too
close together, carried erect. The orifice is open towards the front.
The skin must be fine and soft to the touch.
slightly arched, without
: Rising progressively
at loin level to slope rapidly towards the tail. This conformation
which must be sought after, is the consequence of the short loin.
: Broad and muscular.
: Short and broad.
: Cylindrical and well
let down; ribcage barrel shaped, very rounded.
and flanks : Drawn up
without excessive tuck up.
Short, set low on
the rump, close
to the buttocks, thick at the base, knotted or kinked naturally and
tapering at the tip. Even in action, must stay below the horizontal. A
relatively long tail (not reaching beyond the point of the hocks),
kinked and tapering is admissible, but not desirable.
and parallel seen
in profile and from the front, standing well separated.
: Short, thick, with
a firm and visible musculature.
: Close to the body.
: Short, straight and
joint - Pastern :
Solid and short.
muscular, hindlegs a
little longer than the forelegs, thus raising the hindquarters. The
legs are vertical and parallel as seen both in profile and from behind.
: Muscled, firm without
being too rounded.
joint : Quite well let
down, neither too angulated nor certainly too straight.
: Solid and short. The
French Bulldog should be born without dewclaws.
round of small
dimension, i.e. " cat feet ", well set on the ground, turning slightly
outward. The toes are compact, nails short, thick and well separated.
The pads are hard, thick and black. In the brindle subjects, the nails
must be black. In the pieds (caille = brindled fawns with medium white
patching) and fawn subjects, dark nails are preferred, without however
penalising the light coloured nails.
/ MOVEMENT: Free
parallel to the median plane of the body.
HAIR: Beautiful smooth
glossy and soft.
brindled or not, or with limited patching (pied).
Fawn brindled or not,
with medium or predominant patching.
the fawn shades are
admitted, from the red to light brown (café au lait) colour.
entirely white dogs are classified in " brindled fawn with predominant
white patching ". When a dog has a very dark nose, dark eyes with dark
eyelids, certain depigmentations of the face may exceptionally be
tolerated in very beautiful subjects.
AND WEIGHT: The weight
not be below 8 kg
nor over 14 kg for a bulldog in good condition, size being in
proportion with the weight.
Any departure from
points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the
fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
Nose tightly closed
or pinched and chronic snorers.
Lips not joining in
Depigmentation of the
Tail carried high, or
too long or abnormally short.
Straight hock or
Coat (hair) too long.
Incisors visible when
Tongue visible when
movement of the forelegs.
Pink spots on the
face, except in the case of brindled fawns with medium white patching
(" caille ") and fawns with limited or predominant white patching. ("
Colour of nose other
Dog with lower
incisors articulating behind upper incisors.
Dog with permanently
visible canines, mouth being closed.
Eyes of two different
Ears not carried
Mutilation of ears,
tail or dewclaws.
Colour of coat black
and tan, mouse grey, brown.
Male animals should
have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.